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Outlining has been used as a powerful brainstorming strategy to boost writing
performance. However, no method is panacea. This comparative study examines (1) the
effects of Outlining and the new one called Depicting on descriptive writings in terms of
the number of ideas generated, content and the organization of ideas, and (2) students’
viewpoints towards these strategies. A cross-intervention research design was implemented
on two experimental groups exposed to either strategy. The data were collected from over
160 descriptive paragraphs, 21 questionnaires and 6 purposefully selected case-study
interviews. The findings indicated more positive results for Depicting over Outlining in
facilitating the writers to generate ideas. Meanwhile, there was no clear distinction in terms
of content and idea organization performed with Outlining versus Depicting. Also, major
findings revealed the participants’ controversial viewpoints on strengths and weaknesses of
both strategies, and their preference towards the strategies was not alway


brainstorming; depicting; descriptive writing; outlining; pictorial; pre-writing

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